John Warwick Montgomery is considered to be one of the foremost living apologists for classical, biblical Christianity. A renaissance scholar with a flair for controversy, he lives in France, England and the United States. His international activities have brought him into personal contact with some of the most exciting events of our time: not only was he in China in June 1989, but he was in Fiji during its 1987 bloodless revolution, was involved in assisting East Germans to escape during the time of the Berlin Wall, and was in Paris during the revolutionary "days of May" 1968. He has had personal contact with world leaders such as President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and English Prime Minister Tony Blair. He has been centrally involved in evangelical and Lutheran church affairs such as the Wenham conference on the Authority of Scripture and the inerrancy controversies in the Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod. His public debates with atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair, Bishop James Pike, death-of-God advocate Thomas Altizer, and situation-ethicist Joseph Fletcher are historic. 

His wife is the internationally-celebrated orchestral harpist Lanalee de Kant. 

Dr. Montgomery is the author of more than sixty books in six languages. He holds eleven earned degrees, including a Master of Philosophy in Law from the University of Essex, England, an LL.M. and the earned higher doctorate in law (LL.D.) from Cardiff University, Wales, a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, and a Doctorate of the University in Protestant Theology from the University of Strasbourg, France. He is an ordained Lutheran clergyman, an English barrister, a French avocat (Paris bar), and is admitted to practice as a lawyer before the Supreme Court of the United States. He obtained acquittals for the “Athens 3” missionaries on charges of proselytism at the Greek Court of Appeals in 1986, and has won four religious cases at the European Court of Human Rights.

Dr. Montgomery is Professor Emeritus of Law and Humanities, University of Bedfordshire, England, and Professor-at-Large for 1517. the Legacy Project, Orange County, California. He is listed in Who’s Who in AmericaWho’s Who in FranceWho’s Who in Europe, and Who’s Who in the World.

Dr. Montgomery has written and lectured extensively on the evidences for the truth of Christianity, and is currently the Director of the International Academy of Apologetics, Evangelism and Human Rights, Strasbourg, France.


+ Educational Background & Lectureships

  • University of California, Berkeley, librarian in general reference service,
  • Wittenberg University, 1954-55;
  • Springfield, OH, instructor in Biblical Hebrew Hellenistic Greek, and Medieval Latin at the university and at Hamma Divinity School, 1956-59;
  • University of Chicago,Chicago, IL, head librarian at Swift Library of Divinity and Philosophy, and member of Federated Theological Faculty, 1959-60;
  • Waterloo Lutheran University (now Wilfrid Laurier University), Waterloo, Ontario, associate professor of history and head of department, 1960-64;
  • Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, IL, professor of church history, 1964-74, head of Division of Church History and History of Christian Thought, 1965-74, director of European Program at University of Strasbourg, 1967-74;
  • International School of Law, Washington, DC (now at George Mason University, Fairfax, VA), professor of law and theology, 1974-75; Christian Legal Society, consultant, 1975-76;
  • International Institute of Human Rights, Strasbourg, France, director of studies, 1979-81;
  • Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Anaheim, CA (now Trinity International University School of Law), dean, director of library, 1980-87, professor of jurisprudence, 1980-88;
  • Faith Evangelical Lutheran Seminary, Tacoma, WA, distinguished professor of theology and law and director of European program, 1989-91;
  • Bedfordshire University, England, principal lecturer, 1991-92, reader, 1992-93, professor of law, 1993-97, director of Center for Human Rights, 1993-97, professor emeritus, 1997;
  • Regent University School of Law, Virginia, distinguished professor of law, 1997-99;
  • Trinity College and Theological Seminary, Newburgh, IN, distinguished professor of apologetics and history of Christian thought and vice president for academic affairs in the United Kingdom and Europe, 1997-2007, also fellow of the college;
  • European Center for Law and Justice, Strasbourg, France, senior counsel (arguing religious liberty cases before the European Court of Human Rights), 1997-2001;
  • Patrick Henry College, Purcellville, VA, distinguished research professor of apologetics and Christian thought, 1997-2014;
  • Certified Fraud Examiner, 2008;
  • Concordia University Wisconsin, distinguished research professor of philosophy, 2014-2016;
  • 1517 the Legacy Project, Professor-at-Large, 2017-;
  • Ordained minister of Lutheran Church in America, 1958, transferred to Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 1965;
  • Admitted to bars of Virginia, 1978, California, 1979, and U.S. Supreme Court, 1981, England, 1984, 1990;
  • Barrister member of Middle Temple and Lincoln's Inn, England; inscrit au Barreau de Paris;
  • Concordia Theological Seminary, visiting professor, 1964-67;
  • DePaul University, visiting professor, 1967-70;
  • Ritman Library, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Andreae Symposium Lecturer, 1986;
  • University of Waterloo, Pascal Lecturer on Christianity and the university, 1987;
  • University of Puget Sound, adjunct professor, 1990-91;
  • University of Oklahoma, A. Kurt Weiss Lecturer in Biomedical Ethics, 1997;
  • Regent University, Virginia, distinguished professor of law, 1997-1999;
  • University College, London, Law and Religion Colloquium lecturer, 2000;
  • European Center for Law and Justice, senior counsel, 1997-2001;
  • Educational Communication Association, member of panel on the Bible and the new morality, "God and Man in the Twentieth Century" (film series);
  • Lecturer on "Defending the Biblical Gospel" for video-cassette series produced by National Institute of Biblical Studies/Walk Thru the Bible Ministries, and on "Sensible Christianity" and "Defending the Gospel through the Centuries" for audio-cassette series;
  • Appeared in the films Is Christianity Credible?, 1968, In Search of Noah's Ark, 1977, and Christianity on Trial, 1987-93;
  • Featured guest lecturer on national television programs, presenting a lawyer's defense of Christianity;
  • Speaker at international congresses;
  • Lecturer throughout the world, including the United States, Canada, Argentina, France, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, England, Australia, New Zealand, Hungary, Romania, Poland, Latvia, and Russia.

+ Professional Societies

  • International Bar Association
  • International Real Estate Federation
  • World Society of Law Professors
  • Union Internationale des Avocats
  • International Wine and Food Society
  • European Academy of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities (corresponding member),
  • American Bar Association
  • American Society for International Law
  • American Association of Law Libraries (diplomate),
  • American Library Association, American Theological Library Association, American Historical Association
  • American Scientific Affiliation (fellow)
  • National Conference of University Professors
  • Medical Library Association (diplomate)
  • Victoria Institute (fellow)
  • Royal Society of Arts (fellow)
  • Society for Advanced Legal Studies (fellow)
  • Evangelical Theological Society
  • Society for Reformation Research
  • Creation Research Society
  • Lawyers' Christian Fellowship (honorary vice president, 1995)
  • Literary Academy of France
  • Tolkien Society
  • Chaine des Rotisseurs (chevalier)
  • Tyndale Fellowship (England)
  • Manorial Society of Great Britain
  • Stair Society (Scotland)
  • Presbyterian Historical Society (Northern Ireland)
  • Confrerie St-Etienne (Alsace)
  • Societe des Amis des Arts (Strasbourg)
  • New York C. S. Lewis Society
  • California Bar Association (member of human rights commission, 1980-83)
  • Sherlock Holmes Society of London
  • Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia
  • Athenaeum Club (London)
  • Wig and Pen Club (London)
  • Players' Theatre Club (London)
  • Societe Sherlock Holmes de France (honorary member)
  • Club des Casseroles Lasserre (Paris)
  • Phi Beta Kappa
  • Phi Kappa Phi
  • Beta Phi Mu.

+ Awards & Honours

  • Post doctoral senior fellowship, Canada Council, 1963
  • Faculty fellowship, American Association of Theological Schools, 1967
  • John Warwick Montgomery manuscript collection established at Syracuse University Library, 1970, and transferred to the Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary Library, 2000
  • FeIlow of Revelle College, University of California, San Diego, 1970
  • Angel Award, National Religious Broadcasters, 1989, 1990, and 1992
  • Academician, Academie Internationale des Gourmets et des Traditions Gastronomiques, Paris
  • Commander, Ordre des Chevaliers du Saint-Sepulcre Byzantin, Austria
  • Recipient of the Patriarch’s Medal of the Romanian Orthodox Church, 2003
  • Honorary chairman of the academic board of the World Evangelical Fellowship’s International Institute for Religious Freedom, 2005
  • Consultant Editor (Religion and Law), Amicus Curiae: Journal of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies [University of London, England/UK], 2010
  • Keynote speaker, Asia-Pacific Christian Apologetics Conference, Lavengamalie College, Tonga, 2010.

+ Writings

The Writing of Research Papers in Theology, Divinity School, University of Chicago, 1959.

A Union List of Serial Publications in Chicago-Area Protestant Theological Libraries, Library, Divinity School, University of Chicago, 1960.

The Shape of the Past: An Introduction to Philosophical Historiography, Edwards Brothers (Ann Arbor, MI), 1962, revised edition, Bethany Fellowship, 1975.

The 'Is God Dead?' Controversy, Zondervan (Grand Rapids, MI), 1966. (with Thomas J. J. Altizer)

The Altizer-Montgomery Dialogue: A Chapter in The 'Is God Dead?' Controversy, Inter-Varsity Press (Downers Grove, IL), 1967.

Crisis in Lutheran Theology: The Validity and Relevance of Historic Lutheranism versus Its Contemporary Rivals, two volumes, Baker Book (Grand Rapids), 1967; 2nd edition, Bethany Fellowship, 1973; 3rd edition in three volumes, 1517 Publishing, 2017

Es confiable el Christianismo?, Casa Bautista, 1968.

Where Is History Going? Essays in Support of the Historical Truth of the Christian Revelation, with a commendatory letter by C. S. Lewis, Zondervan, 1969.

Ecumenicity, Evangelicals, and Rome, Zondervan, 1969.

History and Christianity, Inter-Varsity Press, 1970, 3rd edition, Bethany Fellowship, 1986.

The Suicide of Christian Theology, Bethany Fellowship, 1970.

In Defense of Martin Luther, Northwestern Publishing, 1970.

Damned through the Church, Bethany Fellowship, 1970.

Computers, Cultural Change, and the Christ, Christian Research Institute, 1970.

The Quest for Noah's Ark, Bethany Fellowship, 1972, 2nd edition, Pyramid, 1974.

(With Joseph Fletcher) Debate on Situation Ethics, Bethany Fellowship, 1972.

La Mort de Dieu, Oberlin (Strasbourg, France), 1972.

Principalities and Powers: The World of the Occult, Bethany Fellowship, 1973, 2nd edition, Pyramid, 1975.

Cross and Crucible: Johann Valentin Andreae, 1586-1654, Nijhoff, 1973. ("International Archives of the History of Ideas.")

Verdammt durch die Kirche? (Austria), 1973.

How Do We Know There Is a God? and Other Questions, Bethany Fellowship, 1974.

The Law above the Law, Bethany Fellowship, 1975.

The Shaping of America, Bethany Fellowship, 1976.

Weltgeschichte wohin? Haenssler (Stuttgart-Neuhausen, Germany), 1977.

Law and Gospel, Christian Legal Society,1978; second edition, Canadian Institute for Law, Theology and Public Policy.

Faith Founded on Fact, Thomas Nelson, 1978.

Slaughter of the Innocents, Crossways, 1981.

The Marxist Approach to Human Rights Analysis and Critique, Simon Greenleaf School of Law (Anaheim, CA), 1983. ("Simon Greenleaf Law Review," Vol. 3.)

Human Rights and Human Dignity, Zondervan and Probe Ministries International, 1986; 2nd edition, Canadian Institute for Law, Theology and Public Policy.

Wohin marschiert China?, Haenssler (Stuttgart-Neuhausen, Germany), 1991.

Evidence for Faith: Deciding the God Question, Probe Ministries International, 1991.

Giant in Chains: China Today and Tomorrow, Nelson Word (England), 1994.

Law and Morality: Friends or Foes? An Inaugural Lecture, University of Luton, England, 1994.

Jesus: La raison rejoint l'histoire, Editions Trobisch (France and Germany), 1995.

(With C. E. B. Cranfield and David Kilgour) Christians in the Public Square: Law, Gospel, and Public Policy, Canadian Institute for Law, Theology and Public Policy, 1996.

Conflicts of Law, BPP Law School (London, England), 1997.

The Transcendental Holmes, Calabash Press (Canada), 2000.

The Repression of Evangelism in Greece, University Press of America, 2001.

Christ Our Advocate, Verlag fuer Kultur und Wissenschaft (Bonn, Germany, 2002): now in 5th edition.

Tractatus Logico-Theologicus, Verlag fuer Kultur und Wissenschaft (Bonn, Germany, 2002).

History, Law, and Christianity, Canadian Institute for Law, Theology and Public Policy, 2003; 1517 Publishing, 2014

Christ As Centre and Circumference, Verlag fuer Kultur und Wissenschaft (Bonn, Germany, 2012)

The Libraries of France at the Ascendancy of Mazarin, Verlag fuer Kultur und Wissenschaft, 2016.

+ Editor

(And translator) A Seventeenth-Century View of European Libraries, University of California Press, 1962.

(And translator) Chytraeus on Sacrifice: A Reformation Treatise in Biblical Theology, Concordia Publishing House, 1962.

Christianity for the Tough-Minded, Bethany Fellowship, 1973.

International Scholars Directory, International Scholarly Publishers, 1973, Marquis (Chicago), 1975.

Myth, Allegory and Gospel, Bethany Fellowship, 1974.

God's Inerrant Word, Bethany Fellowship, 1974.

Jurisprudence: A Book of Readings, International Scholarly Publishers, 1974, 2nd edition, 1980.

Demon Possession, Bethany Fellowship, 1975.

Homeschooling in America and in Europe: A Litmus Test of Democracy, Verlag fuer Kultur und Wissenschaft, 2012.

General editor, 7-volume "Evangelical Perspectives" series, Lippincott (Philadelphia, PA), 1970-72.

Editor-at-large (with others, and contributor), "Current Religious Thought," a section of Christianity Today, 1965-83.

Simon Greenleaf Law Review, 1981-88.

Contributing editor, New Oxford Review, 1992-95.

General editor, Global Journal of Classical Theology (www.phc.edu), 1998-.

(with Gene Edward Veith), Where Christ Is Present: A Theology for All Seasons on the 500th Anniversary of the Reformation, 1517 Publishing, 2015.

+ Contributor

Harvey Warner, editor, Why in the World?, Word Books, 1965.

Carl F. H. Henry, editor, Jesus of Nazareth: Saviour and Lord, Eerdmans, 1966.

Merrill C. Tenney, The Living Word of Revelation, Zondervan, 1967.

Bernard Murchland, editor, The Meaning of the Death of God: Protestant, Jewish, and Catholic Scholars Explore Atheistic Theology, Random House, 1967.

Ronald H. Nash, editor, The Philosophy of Gordon Clark, Presbyterian & Reformed, 1968.

Robert Campbell, editor, Spectrum of Protestant Beliefs, Bruce, 1968.

Walter O. Spitzer and Carlyle L. Saylor, editors, Birth Control and the Christian, Tyndale, 1969.

E. R. Geehan, editor, Jerusalem and Athens: Cornelius Van Til [Festschrift], Presbyterian & Reformed, 1971.

Seth Erlandsson, editor, Ditt ord aer Sanning: En hanbok om Bibeln, tillaegnad David Hedegaard [Festschrift], Stiftelsen Biblicum (Uppsala, Sweden), 1971.

R. C. Sproul, editor, Soli Gloria Deo: John H. Gerstner [Festschrift}, Presbyterian & Reformed, 1976.

Carl E. Armerding and W. Ward Gasque, editors, Dreams, Visions, and Oracles: The Layman's Guide to Biblical Prophecy, Baker, 1977.

Kenneth S. Kantzer and Stanley N. Gundry, editors, Perspectives on Evangelical Theology, Baker, 1979.

Thomas W. Hilgers, Dennis J. Horan, and David Mall, editors, New Perspectives on Human Abortion, University Publications of American, 1981.

Ronald Youngblood, editor, Evangelicals and Inerrancy, Thomas Nelson, 1984.

G. W. Bromiley, editor, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, revised edition, Eerdmans, 1986.

K. S. Kantzer, editor, Applying the Scriptures, Zondervan, 1987.

Philip Porter and Catherine Cooke, editors, France in the Blood, Sherlock Holmes Society of London, 1993.

Roger Johnson and Jenn Upton, editors, Back to Baker Street, Sherlock Holmes Society of London, 1994.

Michael Bauman and David Hall, editors, Evangelical Hermeneutics, Christian Publications, 1994.

Bauman and Hall, editors, God and Caesar, Christian Publications, 1995.

Bauman and Hall, editors, Evangelical Apologetics, Christian Publications, 1996.

Anti-Corruption for Social Stability and Development [in both Chinese and English], Beijing, China, 1996. ("Seventh International Anti-Corruption Congress.")

Thierry Saint-Joanis, editor, Sherlock Holmes et la France, Mairie de Paris (Paris), 1996.

Paul R. Beaumont, editor, Christian Perspectives in Law Reform, Paternoster, 1998.

Paul R. Beaumont, editor, Christian Perspectives on Human Rights and Legal Philosophy, Paternoster, 1998.

Daniel N. Harmelink, editor, Let Christ Be Christ: Essays in Honor of Charles L. Manske [Festschrift], Tentatio Press (California), 1999.

David W. Baker, editor, Looking into the Future: Evangelical Studies in Eschatology, Baker, 2001.

Krystian Complak, editor, Godnosc cztowieka jako kategoria prawa, University of Wroclaw, Poland, 2001.

Michal Krolikowski, editor, Ius et Lex, Krakow, Poland, 2002.

Kent Mathews, editor, Not Omitting the Weightier Matters: Essays in Honour of Robert E. L. Rodgers [Festschrift], Ambassador Publications, 2002.

European Academy of Sciences, Arts and Literature (Académie européenne des Sciences, des Arts et des Lettres), Enchantons la vie. Glorifying Life (Antibes, France: AESAL, 2010). This poetry anthology, published for the 30th anniversary of the founding of the Academy, of which JWM is a member, contains an original French poem by JWM, with English translation.

Dallas Willard, editor, A Place for Truth (IVP Books, 2010). Other contributors include: Francis Collins, Os Guinness, Tim Keller, Alister McGrath, Peter Singer, Paul Vitz, N. T. Wright.

Meister, Chad V. and Sweis, K. A., editors, Christian Apologetics: An Anthology of Primary Sources (Zondervan, 2012).

Menuge, Angus J. L., editor, Legitimizing Human Rights: Secular and Religious Perspectives (Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2013).

(with Gene Edward Veith, editors), Where Christ Is Present: A Theology for All Seasons on the 500th Anniversary of the Reformation (1517 Publishing, 2015).

H. G. Masius, editor, A Defense of Lutheran Faith on the Eve of Modern Times (Milwaukee: Northwestern Publishing House, 2016).

Also: Contributor to theology, history, library, law, and denominational journals in America and abroad (over 100 published articles).